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UCLA School Mental Health Project
Center for Mental Health in Schools
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Continuing Education:

Addressing Barriers to Learning
New Directions for Mental Health in Schools

Continuing Education:
Unit I, Section A

For a fuller discussion of the topic of Mental Health in Schools, see

L. Taylor & H.S. Adelman (1996), Mental health in the schools: Promising directions for practice. Adolescent Medicine: State of the Art Reviews, 7, 303-317.

H.S. Adelman (1995), Clinical psychology: Beyond psychopathology and clinical interventions. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 2, 28-44.

Other background references

  • Adelman, H.S. (1966). Restructuring support services: Toward a comprehensive approach. Kent, OH: American School Health Association.

  • Adelman, H.S., & Taylor, L. (1996). System reform to address barriers to learning: Beyond school-linked services and full service schools.. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry.

  • Christopher, G.M., Kurtz, P.D., Howing, P.T. (1989). Status of mental health services for youth in school and community. Children and Youth Services Review, 11, 159-174.

  • Cohen, J.J., & Fish, M.C. (1993). Handbook of school-based interventions: Resolving student problems and promoting healthy educational environments. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

  • Costello, E.J. (1989). Developments in child psychiatric epidemiology. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 28, 836-841.

  • Dryfoos, J.G. (1990). Adolescents at risk: Prevalence and prevention. London: Oxford Press. .

  • Dryfoos, J.G. (1994). Full-service schools: A revolution in health and social services for children, youth, and families. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

  • Geiger, K. (1995). L.A.'s Kids Courageous. United Teacher, XXVI, 14 & 19.

  • Hoagwood, K. (1995). Issues in Designing and implementing studies of non-mental health care sectors. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 23, 114-120.

  • Hodgkinson, H.L. (1993). American education: The good, the bad, and the task. Phi Delta Kappan, 74, 619-623.

  • Igoe, J.B., & Giordano, B.P. (1992). Expanding school health services to serve families in the 25th century. Washington, DC: American Nursing Publications.

  • Kirby, D., Short, L., Collins, J., Rugg, D., Kolbe, L., Howard, M., Miller, B., Sonenstein, F., & Zabin, L.S. (1994). School-based programs to reduce sexual risk behaviors: A review of effectiveness. Public Health Reports, 109, 339-360.

  • Knitzer, J., Steinberg, Z., & Fleisch, B. (1990). At the schoolhouse door: An examination of programs and policies for children with behavioral and emotional problems. NY: Bank Street.

  • Kolbe, L.J. (1993). An essential strategy to improve the health and education of Americans. Preventive Medicine, 22, 544-560.

  • Larson, J. (1994). Violence prevention in the schools: A review of selected programs and procedures. School Psychology Review, 23, 151-164.

  • Lewis, K.S. (1995). Infants and children with prenatal alcohol and drug exposure: A guide to identification and intervention. North Branch, MN: Sunrise River Press.

  • Lewis, K., & Thomson, H. (1987). Manual of school health. Addison Wesley, 1987.

  • Mitchell, A., Seligson, M., & Marx, F. (1989). Early childhood programs and the public schools: Promise and practice. Dover, MA: Auburn House.

  • National Education Goals Panel (1994). Data for the National Education Goals Report. Volume One: National data. Washington ,D.C.: U.S. GPO.

  • National Nursing Coalition for School Health (1995). School health nursing services: Exploring national issues and priorities. Journal of School Health 65, 369-389.

  • Newton, J. (1989). The new school health handbook: A ready reference for school nurses and educators. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.

  • Proctor, S.T. (1993). School nursing practice: Roles and standards. Scarborough, ME: National Association of School Nurses, Inc.

  • Schonfeld, D.J. (1996). Talking with elementary school-age children about AIDS and death: Principles and guidelines for school nurses. Journal of School Nursing, 12, 26-32.

  • Schorr, L.B. (1988). Within our reach: Breaking the cycle of disadvantage. New York: Doubleday.

  • Slavin, R., Karweit, N., & Wasik, B. (1994). Preventing early school failure: Research on effective strategies. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

  • Tyack, D.B., (1992). Health and social services in public schools: Historical perspectives. The Future of Children, 2, 19-31.

  • Return to
    Contents of Section A

    Test Questions -- Unit I: Section A

    (1) Which of the following were identified as potential interveners who could play a role could play a role in counseling, psychological, and social service activity at a school?

    ____(a) counselors
    ____(b) nurses
    ____(c) teachers
    ____(d) aides
    ____(e) students
    ____(f) a & b
    ____(g) a, b, & e
    ____(h) all the above

    (2) With respect to the activities carried out by such interveners, enumerate two specific functions related to

    (a) providing direct services and instruction

    (b) coordinating, developing, and providing leadership for programs, services, and systems

    (c) enhancing connections with community resources

    (3) Which of the following is not an emerging trend related to health and psychosocial programs in schools?

    ___(a) the move from narrowly focused to comprehensive approaches
    ___(b)the move from fragmentation to coordinated/integrated intervention
    ___(c) the move from problem specific and discipline-oriented services to less categorical, cross-disciplinary programs
    ___(d) the move from viewing health programs as "supplementary services" to policy changes that recognize physical and mental health services as an essential element in enabling learning
    ___(e) all are emerging trends

    (4) Enumerate three possible new roles that schools might play in addressing mental health and psychosocial concerns in schools.


    This is the end of Unit I Section A

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