Special Resource Material Developed by the Center

Title: Toward a Scale-Up Model for Replicating New Approaches to Schooling

Description: This article describes four phases on how to "scale-up" a model for replicating a model for school reform prototypes. For school reform to succeed, promising prototypes must be replicated on a large scale. Unfortunately, relatively little work has been done to build conceptual models and develop specific interventions for addressing the process and problems associated with widespread diffusion of reforms. With a view toward advancing the state of the art, we describe a "scale-up" model for replicating school reform prototypes. The model draws on a diverse body of literature related to organizational change and community psychology, as well as practices evolved as part of several restructuring efforts. Four overlapping phases and related guidelines for scale-up are conceived. The four phases are (a) creating readiness by enhancing a climate/ culture for change; (b) initial implementation, whereby replication is carried out in stages using well-designed guidance and support mechanisms;(c) institutionalization, accomplished by ensuring there are mechanisms to maintain and enhance productive changes; and (d) ongoing evolution through use of mechanisms to improve quality and provide continuing support. The model presented has fundamental implications for educational and psychological professionals concerned with major school reforms and is meant to stimulate increased research attention on the problem of advancing knowledge regarding effective scale-up of reform prototypes. Keywords: Reform, Education, Models, Stakeholders, empirically supported intervention,

Access at:   http://smhp.psych.ucla.edu/publications/06 toward a scale up model for replicating new approaches.pdf